On Day Five of the 16 Days of Activism against gender-based violence, let us reflect on the fact that violence against women and their children is preventable. Research has found that factors associated with gender inequality are the most consistent predictors of violence against women, and explain its gendered patterns. Levels of violence against women are significantly and consistently higher where there are more defined distinctions between the roles of men and women – for example, where men are assumed to be the primary breadwinner and women responsible for child-rearing. Research has consistently found that men who hold traditional views about gender roles and relationships are more likely to perpetrate violence against women.